Ketamine is a neuroleptic anesthetic. It is actually one of the safest general anesthetics in use, under normal situations. It is most often used along with valium as the induction agent prior to placing the endotracheal tube to deliver the gas anesthetic. (It is pretty much impossible -and not recommended- to place a trach tube in a normal, awake animal-- the animal must be sedated.) It is also used for short surgical procedures. (Although many vets use it alone for major procedures such as spays, this is contraindicated.)

Ketamine does not cause respiratory or cardiopulmonary depression at correc dosage level, unless it is given too fast. However, it does cause increased cardiac output, increased intracranial pressure, and is fairly long acting. For this reason ketamine should not be used in animals suffering from epilepsy, heart failure, renal or hepatic (kidney or liver) disease, or in trauma cases or for certain procedures. (Myelograms, spinal taps, etc.) Ketamine is also not safe in animals with eye injuries or who are to undergo eye procedures, as it causes increased intraocular pressures.

Probably the biggest problem with ketamine is that it has fairly long wakeup times (the iso wears off long before the ketamine does), with the animal having little motor control for somet ours, and it causes hypersensitivity to sounds and noises when the animal is waking up. Ketamine recoveries are often characterized by tremors, thrashing, etc. Although this is much more of a problem in cats. One of the biggest side effects of most interest to us pug lovers is that Ketamine exacerbates hypersalivation.

Ketamine should not be used in animals with thyroid problems whether they are on thyroid medications or not, because it can cause life threatening increases in heartrate and blood pressure in these animals. Ketamine should be used cautiously with halothane gas anesthesia as it can result in prolonged recovery times (a no-no with pugs) and cardiac depression. In our practice we use ketamine for cat restraint and for induction for routine procedures with relatively healthy animals (endoscopies, wound repairs, etc.)

We use propofol or oxymorphone (or some other protocol) on our other patients for inductions (or propofol alone for very short procedures), including our brachycephalics. We have plenty of these drugs at hand, and we prefer the shorter, smoother recovery times. Plus, most of the animals we are anesthetizing are sick animals, so we can't use ketamine anyways.

Diana Teaman CVT Certified Veterinary Technician.

Views: 608


You need to be a member of Pugslife to add comments!

Join Pugslife

REACH 5,000 members

Advertise on Pugslife and reach out to over 5,000 pug owners.  All day, every day.


For more information, contact Christine London-Camper


We just Love PUGS!!

Sasha Says. . .

Sasha is our resident pug. When she's not napping, she likes to talk. and talk. and talk! Pug health. Pug training. Pug trivia. Pug, pug, pug ... all the time!

Do you know all about pugs? Not until you hear what Sasha Says.

Pugslife shirts

All proceeds go to help keep PUGSLIFE growing

Latest Activity

Nikki M Andruschak Neal liked julie foutch's blog post A Pugslife Of Today
Sep 8
Pam & Pugs :0) commented on PugPapa's blog post My Puggies
"Love these pug pics.  Gee, you'd think you liked pugs!  :)"
Sep 3
Pam & Pugs :0) replied to Christine London-Camper's discussion Hey Pug family!!!!
"Moving is such a hard thing for humans AND pugs!  Glad all is well. I was chatting with Julie on FB and she said Pugslife has lots of new friends.  Great to see all the pug pics.  "
Sep 3
Pam & Pugs :0) liked Christine London-Camper's discussion Hey Pug family!!!!
Sep 3
Pam & Pugs :0) posted a status
"Wow, I haven't been here for a while. Just needed to revisit some fun pug friends."
Sep 3
Nikki M Andruschak Neal liked Literary Lucy's video
Aug 30
Nikki M Andruschak Neal replied to Christine London-Camper's discussion Hey Pug family!!!!
"Moving is so difficult!! Especially with little furry ones! I moved to Mexico a year ago and this is the first time I have been on this site in almost 4 years. Welcome back! And glad things have settled down a bit! Sasha and Sophie are absolutely…"
Aug 26
Nikki M Andruschak Neal left a comment for David Chipps
"I am so sorry to hear about the loss of your baby! "
Aug 26
Nikki M Andruschak Neal left a comment for Gabrielle
"Welcome! Your baby is adorable!!"
Aug 26
Nikki M Andruschak Neal updated their profile
Aug 26
Nikki M Andruschak Neal and Aubrey Perkins are now friends
Aug 26
Diane Moore posted a status
"Does anyone know of someone who would trade pug sitting? In other words you watch mine and I will watch yours when you go on vacation?"
Aug 13

© 2019   Created by Christine London-Camper.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service